Collocations Composition



University Bayreuth

Phraseology

Collocations

Dr . Thomas Schönweitz

WS 2013/2014

Çiğdem ÇAVDAR

1319936

Table of Contents

1 ) Introduction…………………………………………………………………... three or more 2 . Definition of Collocation……………………………………………………... three or more 2 . 1 ) Grammatical Collocations……………………………………………………4 2 . 2 . Types of Grammatical Collocations…………………………………………4 2 . installment payments on your 1 . noun + preposition……………………………………………………………4 2 . installment payments on your 2 . noun + to + infitive……………………………………………………………4 2 . installment payments on your 3. noun + that-clause……………………………………………………………4 2 . 2 . 4. preposition + noun combination……………………………………………. 5 2 . installment payments on your 5. adjective+preposition combination…………………………………………. a few 2 . installment payments on your 6. predicate adjective + to & Infinitive construction………………………….. 5 installment payments on your 2 . 7. adjective+that-clause……………………………………………………........ five 2 . 2 . 8. Collocational Verb Patterns……………………………………………......... 5 2 . 3. Lexical Collocations………………………………………………………….. almost eight 2 . some. Types of Lexical Collocations…………………………………...................... 9 installment payments on your 4. 1 . (usually transitive) + noun/ pronoun (or prepositional phrase)................... 9 2 . 4. 2 . (meaning removal and or nullification) + a noun.................................... 9 2 . 5. 3. adjective+noun…………………………………………………………….... 10 2 . 4. four. noun+verb……………………………………………………………………10 2 . 4. a few. noun+noun……………………………………………………………………10 2 . 4. 6. adverb+adjective……………………………………………………………. 12 2 . some. 7. verb+adverb…………………………………………………………………10 3. The Importance of Collocations……………………………………………10 4. Entry Structures of Collocations…………………………………………... eleven 5. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………14 6. References……………………………………………………………………14

PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS AND DICTIONARIES

1 . Introduction

It seems globally acknowledged in every languages that words frequently co-occur to words in units. Yet , they are not necessarily freely put together nor independently analyzable. Their co-occurences happen to be adhered to some grammatical principles. The English language prepositional expression, at the moment, for instance , is susceptible to grammatical selection of the preposition at rather than other arbitrary prepositions just like on or perhaps in. One other example, verbal phrase look ahead to is followed by gerund rather than infinitive. Therefore , such keyword phrases are also named lexico-grammatical products (Nattinger and DeCarrico, 1992: 8). These units are often confusing to learners not merely because of their different semantic and syntactic requirements like the previously mentioned examples, but also the double-function of their elements. A large number of words that combined with verbs can be used since either prepositions or adverbs, for example: over, across, along, before, at the rear of, off, upon, over, and so forth (Thomson and Martinet, 80: 82) The examples for consideration will be: (a) He got off the bus on the corner. Away in this received off action-word combination is a preposition, and (b) He got away at the nook. Off which goes with the verb got in (b) is usually an attributive (also called adverbial particle). The co-occurence of off following acquired in (a) is expressing predictable course and therefore can be not as fixed as normally the one following acquired in (b) which conveys new meaning started.

2 . Definition of Match

Nattinger (in Carter and McCarthy, 1988: 76) suggests that terminology is basically a " compositional” process through which many of its words co-occur together forming single products of symbolism. He cell phone calls these because lexical keyword phrases or expression combinations; and collocations will be among various other terms of lexical key phrases. However , collocations themselves range between " lexico-grammatical unit” to " free of charge combination”. The word " collocation” is actually only 1 among other terms intended for similar idea: word combination. Nattinger and DeCarrico (1992: 21) specify collocations because " strings of terms that apparently have particular ‘mutual expectancy', or a greater-than chance chance that they will co-occur in any text message. ” In addition to that, the following is an explanation by Benson, Benson, and Ilson (1986 in Bahns, 1993: 57): In The english language, as in different languages, there are many fixed,...

Recommendations: BENSON. Morton; Evelyn BENSON; Robert ILSON. 1997. The BBI Book of British Word Combinations. Amsterdam

BENSON. Morton; Evelyn BENSON; Robert ILSON. 1986. The BBI Combinatory Book of British. John Benjamins Publishing Firm.

Ronald Carter,  Michael McCarthy. 1988. Terminology and Language Teaching. Longman

Nattinger, T. (ed). 1987. Collins Cobuild English Terminology Dictionary. London, uk: Collins

Nattinger, J. R. and DeCarrico, J. S. 1992. Lexical Phrases and Language Instructing London: Longman

Bahns, L. 1993. ”Lexical collocations: a contrastive view” ELT Journal 47(1): 56- 63. Oxford: Oxford College or university Press.

Kennedy, G. 1990. " Collocations: where grammar and language teaching meeet” in Vocabulary Teaching Strategy for the Nineties, RELC, Anthology Series 24.

Thomson, A. M. and Martinet, A. V. 1980. A Practical English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Diana Lea. 2003. Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English. Oxford University Press.

Yule, George. 1985. Study regarding Language: An Introduction. Cambridge School Press.

Why One particular Subject is somewhat more Desirable than the Other Research Conventional paper